[16] A second British airstrike later in the day failed to locate the retiring Vittorio Veneto and instead scored a single torpedo strike on Pola, hitting her amidships on her starboard side. The Italian naval high command requested that the proposed cruisers have a very high top speed of 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph); the 1922 Washington Naval Treaty limited the standard displacement of new cruisers to 10,000 long tons (10,160 t) and their main armament to 203 mm (8 in) guns. After the war, she was retained by the Marina Militare and decommissioned in 1961. She was built in the Odero-Terni-Orlando shipyard in Livorno in the early 1930s and entered service in 1932. [3] On 7 March 1939, Pola and her sisterships sortied from Taranto to intercept a squadron of Republican warships—three cruisers and eight destroyers—attempting to reach the Black Sea. [3] Pola was drydocked on 16 December for repair work that lasted until 7 February 1941. Among their numbers were the ships Zara, Fiume, Pola, and Gorizia. [1] [2], After Italy entered World War II in June 1940, Trento and Trieste saw extensive action against British forces in the Mediterranean Sea, including at the battles of Calabria, Cape Spartivento, and Cape Matapan in July and November 1940 and March 1941, respectively. [15] Two bombs hit the ship, both amidships on the port side. The Italian fleet sortied to attack the British Operation Harpoon convoy in June 1942, and while on the way, Trento was torpedoed twice, first by a Bristol Beaufighter torpedo bomber and then sunk by the submarine HMS Umbra with very heavy loss of life on 15 June. Achetez neuf ou d'occasion Pola was a Zara-class heavy cruiser of the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy), named after the Italian city of Pola (now Pula, Croatia).She was built in the Odero-Terni-Orlando shipyard in Livorno in the early 1930s and entered service in 1932. Trieste was moved to La Maddalena, Sardinia, where she was later sunk by United States heavy bombers on 10 April 1943. The ship took part in the Battle of Cape Matapan in late March 1941. Fitting-out work proceeded quickly, and the new cruiser entered service just over a year later on 21 December 1932. The Spanish commander refused and instead steamed to Bizerte in French Tunisia, where his ships were interned. A modified version of the earlier Trento class, she had a heavier displacement, slightly shorter length, a newer model of 203-millimeter (8.0 in) gun, and a more powerful … From 30 July to 1 August, Pola, Trento, and Gorizia escorted a convoy to Libya. Armed with a main battery of eight 8-inch (200 mm) guns, she was nominally within the 10,000-long-ton (10,000 t) limit imposed by the Washington Naval Treaty, though in reality she significantly exceeded this figure. [3], Pola went on a short cruise to Italian Libya on 10–12 March 1937, with Mussolini and Prince Luigi Amedeo aboard. Gorizia, the sole surviving member of the class, saw action at the First and Second Battles of Sirte in December 1941 and March 1942, respectively. They were perhaps the finest … Pola was a Zara-class heavy cruiser of the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy), named after the Italian city of Pola (now Pula, Croatia). The Zara class was a group of four heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina in the late 1920s and the early 1930s. Both sides claimed victory, but in fact the battle was a draw and everyone returned to their bases safely. Comprend: Grappes de plastique . Achetez neuf ou d'occasion [3], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}35°19′N 20°59′E / 35.317°N 20.983°E / 35.317; 20.983, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in March 1941, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Italian_cruiser_Pola&oldid=1007685931, World War II shipwrecks in the Mediterranean Sea, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 February 2021, at 11:36. [2], She was protected with an armored belt that was 150 mm (5.9 in) thick amidships. [23], Pola initially was left alone during the action, and her captain, assuming that his ship would be the next target (and unable to return fire), ordered his crew to open the seacocks and abandon ship. Vittorio Veneto was the second member of the Littorio-class battleship that served in the Italian Regia Marina during World War II. For most of the daytime engagement, Pola and the rest of the 3rd Division were stationed on the disengaged side of the Italian fleet, and so did not see action during this phase. Includes: Plastic sprue (Light gray), Photoetched fret (Brass), Decalsheet (waterslide) (Multi-colored), Instructions (Paper) (Multi … She was the third of four ships in the class, which also included Zara, Fiume, and Gorizia. 13,944 to 14,330 long tons (14,168 to 14,560, The number and type of the primary armament, The dates work began and finished on the ship and its ultimate fate, 4 shafts, Parsons turbines, 36 knots, 150,000. The battle occurred 30 miles to the east of Punta Stilo, Calabria, on 9 July 1940. 1. Giovanni Bausan(1883) - Sold 1920 2. [EN] Gorizia was the fourth and final member of the Zara class of heavy cruisers to be built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the 1930s. In the 1920s and 1930s, the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) built a series of heavy cruisers as part of a modernization program to use the tonnage allotted to Italy for cruisers by the international naval treaties of the period. [8] During the action, Pola engaged British cruisers but neither side scored any hits. Bolzano was a unique heavy cruiser, sometimes considered to be a member of the Trento class, built for the Italian Regia Marina in the early 1930s, the last vessel of the type to be built by Italy. Repairs were completed by November, but she was torpedoed again in August 1942 by the submarine HMS Unbroken, sustaining serious damage. She also helped transport Italian volunteer troops that had been sent to Spain to fight in the Spanish Civil War return to Italy in 1938. guns in twin mounts, four Vickers-Terni 40 mm/39 guns in single mounts and eight 12.7 mm (0.50 in) guns in twin mounts. Dimensions: 540x250x60 mm (21.3x9.8x2.4 inch) … [4] The next month, on 7–9 April, Pola provided gunfire support to Italian forces occupying Albania. Pola was thereafter reassigned to the 3rd Division, along with her three sister ships. On 16 August she conducted live fire training off Naples, and at the end of the month she was transferred from Naples to Taranto. The Trento class was a group of two heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the late 1920s, the first such vessels built for the Italian fleet. guns adopted for the Zaras, new boilers, and a raised forecastle deck. They advocated a more balanced design that would incorporate more comprehensive armor, while retaining the battery of eight 203 mm guns and a speed of at least 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph). Trento (center) and Bolzano (background) underway. From 10 September to 3 October, she was stationed in Palma de Mallorca to safeguard Italian interests there. She returned to Taranto on 13 February, and she joined Zara and Fiume for extensive maneuvers off Taranto on 11–17 March. The seven ships represented disagreements within the naval high command, with one faction favoring high speed at the expense of armor protection (which resulted in the Trentos and Bolzano) and another that preferred heavier armor in exchange for a reduced top speed (which produced the Zaras). 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