(Week of 24 January, 2021) For Baha'is, there's never any shortage of things to read. [6], Baháʼu'lláh, the founder of the Baháʼí Faith, who claimed to be the one prophesied by the Báb, confirmed and adopted this calendar. See more ideas about months, reflection, meditation. maximize utility and avoid considerable confusion, we have omitted this structure on the The Baha’i week starts on Saturday, not Sunday. on which work should be suspended. [12] The Universal House of Justice selected Tehran, the birthplace of Baháʼu'lláh, as the location at which the time and date of the vernal equinox is to be determined according to astronomical tables from reliable sources. This period is known as Ayyám-i-Há. [24] Like Judaism and Islam, days begin at sunset and end at sunset of the following solar day. The practice of keeping Friday as a day of rest is currently not observed in all countries; for example, in the UK, the National Spiritual Assembly of the Baháʼís confirmed it does not currently keep this practice. Starting with Saturday, here are the names of the week in the Baha’i Calendar: 19-20* Naw-Rúz (Baha’i New Year) Mar. The Bahá'í Nineteen Day Feast is an event that occurs at the beginning of The Baháʼí year 178 BE will start on 20 March 2021. (Zerubavel argues that the 19 day cycle is more properly defined as a week, rather than a month, because it bears "no connection whatsoever" to the lunar cycle.) The Bahá'í week starts on Saturday, and ends on Friday. The Bahá'í calendar is currently tied to the Gregorian calendar, meaning that a given date on one will always coincide with a given date on the other. This calendar format is designed to help Bahá'ís integrate the Badi calendar into their daily lives. Usual Gregorian start date. The first day of each year (Naw-Rúz) is the day (from sunset to sunset) in Tehran containing the moment of the vernal equinox. One significant difference between the Gregorian and the Baha'i Calendar is that the Baha'i day begins and ends at sunset. January 1: Feast Day of St. Common years in the Bahá'í calendar have four extra – or intercalary – days between the last two months of the year. The Festival of Ridván, a twelve day festival that commemorates Bahá'u'lláh's announcement of prophethood, is the most holy Bahá'í festival and is referred to as the Most Great Festival." A week is defined as an interval of exactly seven days, so that technically, except at daylight saving time transitions or leap seconds, . The Kitab al-asma' (Book of Names) of the Bab II: Select Excerpts in Translation. A Bahá'í Feast consists of three main We’re also having a quote of the day–and here is the printable we made to help us with that goal. Each day of the month has the same name as the corresponding month (e.g. (Week of 24 January, 2021) Close. 28: Holi (Hindu Festival of Colors) Mar. Bahá'u'lláh later confirmed the calendar. together," even if nothing more than water is served. Its observance is not obligatory. An early version of the calendar began to be implemented during his time. [9], The Baháʼí scriptures left some issues regarding the implementation of the Badíʿ calendar to be resolved by the Universal House of Justice before the calendar can be observed uniformly worldwide. There are eleven Holy Days in the Bahá'í calendar. Each of the 19 months of the Bahá'í year was given one of the names of God from the Islámic tradition. of the Nineteen Day Feast, saying that the the Bahá'í Feast is "to bind your hearts With respect to the Gregorian calendar: . II), regarding the Baháʼí Calendar. [5] Ismael Velasco relatest this to the "arc of ascent".[22]. Vote. The Baháʼí week starts on Saturday, and ends on Friday. That Persian phrase designates the Baha’i Intercalary Days, describing the four or five days in the annual Baha’i calendar that don’t fall into any given month. The Badíʻ calendar used in the Baháʼí Faith is a solar calendar consisting of 19 months and 4-5 Intercalary Days, with new year at the northern spring equinox. The Bahá'í Era, or Badí Era, began at sunset on March 20, 1844. The Bahá'í week starts on Saturday, and ends on Friday. Arabic Learn more about the Bahá'í Calendar components: spiritual devotion, administrative consultation, and fellowship. The nineteen days in a month have the same names as the months of the year (above), so, for example, the 9th day of each month is Asmá, or "Names". Of these, there are nine The number of the intercalary days is determined in advance to ensure that the year ends on the day before the next vernal equinox. Through their commemoration, the calendar year becomes the stage on which the signal events associated with the life and ministry of the divine Manifestations of God are annually remembered and honoured. Icon Naw-Rúz is the first day of the Bahá'í calendar year and one of nine holy days for adherents of the Bahá'í Faith. It is the day on which Bahá’u’lláh declared His mission as a Messenger of God in the Garden of Ridván. the community should enjoy a "spiritual feast" of worship, fellowship and unity – Years on the calendar are annotated with the date notation of BE (Baháʼí Era). Days of Remembrance – Selections from the Writings of Baháʼu'lláh for Baháʼí Holy Days, Slide Show: Introduction to the Badíʿ Calendar, Arithmetic of the Baháʼí Calendar, and Variants, Baháʼí Calendar, Baháʼí Events and Holy Days, The Names of the Bahá’í Months: Separating Fact from Fiction, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Baháʼí_calendar&oldid=1000314428, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of January 2021, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, radiance, brightness, splendour, effulgence, illumination, blessing, grace, favour, loving kindness, providence, compassion, excellence, fullness, consummation, maturity, glory, power, exaltation, honour, majesty, grandeur, strength, sovereignty, magnificence, purpose, the primal will, the will of God, might, authority, dominion, celestial might, omnipotence, transcendent power, indomitable strength, all-pervading power, ascendancy, divine power, principles, truths, matters, mysteries, subtleties, obscurities, intricacies, problems, king, lord, majesty, sovereign, monarch, authority, potency, the power of sovereignty, the all-possessing, the most potent of rulers, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 16:26. The Baha'i temple in New Delhi, India. for a Bahá'í Feast. January 1: New Year’s Day, the first day of the year according to the modern Gregorian calendar, celebrated within most Western countries. (For example, the 9th of Kalimát will always be equivalent to the 21st of July). The last month of the Bahá'í year is designated as a month of fasting. Days of the Week Each day of the week has its own name. Sociologist Eviatar Zerubavel notes that the 19-day cycle creates a distinctive rhythm which enhances group solidarity. 20: Ostara (Pagan festival at the spring equinox) Mar. Each of the days of the month is also given the name of one of the attributes of God. The Baha'i week begins with Saturday (called Glory) and ends with Friday (called Independence). Around 1870, he instructed Nabíl-i-Aʻzam, the author of The Dawn-Breakers, to write an overview of the Badíʿ calendar. March 28 – April 3: Holy Week – The week of Holy Days before Easter (Christianity) March 28 – April 4: Passover – Festival of Freedom (Judaism) *Begins sundown on March 27, food restrictions all days, work restrictions on following set of days: 3/27 sundown – 3/29 sundown and 4/2 sundown – 4/4 sundown This week, Baha’is around the world will celebrate four days of festivities, gifts, parties, service projects and charitable humanitarian work during the Baha’i holidays called Ayyam-i-Ha. January 3: Feast of the Holy Name of Jesus, which is celebrated in the Roman Catholic Church, commemorates … (2015 – 2065; prepared by the Baha'i World Centre), The Du'á Sahar or Supplication of Glory-Beauty (al-Baháʼ), Symbolism in the Badí' Calendar," by Robin Mihrshahi: Review. Years in the Baháʼí calendar are counted from Thursday 21 March 1844, the beginning of the Baháʼí Era or Badíʿ Era (abbreviated BE or B.E.). Leap Day: February 29. 4* Passover (Jewish week-long observance of the Exodus from Egypt) Mar. The calendar is made up of 19 months of 19 days each, with an intercalary day period of four days (five during leap years). 28 Now let’s look at the names of each day of the Baha’i week. The month of fasting is followed by Naw-Rúz, the new year. For through thee was born the Day of God, a Day which We have ordained to be the lamp of salvation unto the denizens of the citie… [25][26] The practice of keeping Friday as a day of rest is currently not observed in all countries; for example, in the UK, the National Spiritual Assembly of the Baháʼís confirmed it does not currently keep this practice. [16] Year 1 BE thus began at sundown 20 March 1844. Mar 19, 2016 - Meditations on the themes of the Baha'i months. Bahá'ís commemorate and celebrate Abdu'l-Bahá's life on the Day of the Coincidentally (or not) its name is "Independence". [8], The calendar was first implemented in the West in 1907. the names are the same as those of the nineteen months; thus Naw-Rúz, the first day of the first month, would be considered the 'day of Bahá of the month Bahá'. [18] The intercalary days, known as Ayyám-i-Há, occur between the 18th and 19th months. The calendar contains many symbolic meanings and allusions[5] including connections to prophecies of the Báb about the next Manifestation of God termed He whom God shall make manifest. the names are the same as those of the nineteen months; thus Naw-Rúz, the first day of the first month, would be considered the ‘day of Bahá of the month Bahá’. 1 week = 7 days = 168 hours = 10,080 minutes = 604,800 seconds. 11: Maha Shrivrati (Hindu festival honoring the god Shiva) Mar. In the Persian Bayan the Báb divides the months into four groups known as "fire", "air", "water" and "earth" - which are three, four, six and six months long respectively. This comes as a big relief to people designing hybrid calendars for the web. [3] It used a scheme of 19 months of 19 days (19×19) for 361 days, plus intercalary days to make the calendar a solar calendar. [28], The current Baháʼí year, year 177 BE (20 March 2020 – 20 March 2021), is year Váv of the 10th Váḥid of the 1st Kull-i-S͟hayʼ. although refreshments are usually available. “Peter,” ‘Abdu’l-Bahá has testified, “according to the history of the Church, was also incapable of keeping count of the days of the week. Baháʼí writings indicate that Friday is to be kept as a day of rest. The Baháʼí calendar is composed of 19 months, each with 19 days. The Baháʼí calendar started from the original Badíʿ calendar, created by the Báb in the Kitabu'l-Asmáʼ[1] and the Persian Bayán (5:3) in the 1840s. Each day of the week has its own name. The names of the days of the week in many languages are derived from the names of the classical planets in Hellenistic astrology, which were in turn named after contemporary deities, a system introduced by the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity.In some other languages, the days are named after corresponding deities of the regional culture, either beginning with Sunday or with Monday. Bahá'u'lláh spoke of the importance Each month is named after virtues (e.g. Holy days. The Baháʼí week starts on Saturday, and ends on Friday. This is a Tablet We have addressed unto that night wherein the heavens and the earth were illumined by a Light that cast its radiance over the entire creation. The week, in the Bahá'í calendar, Other Holy Days In a year when Naw-Rúz is the same as 20 March In a year when Naw-Rúz is the same as 21 March First Day of Riḍván 13 Jalál 20 April 21 April Ninth Day of Riḍván 2 Jamál 28 April 29 April Twelfth Day of Riḍván 5 Jamál 1 May 2 May Declaration of the Báb 8 ‘A4amat 23 May 24 May Each of the days of the month is also given the name of one of the attributes of God. Days of the Week Bahá'í Day Arabic Translation; Saturday: Jalál: جلال: Glory: Sunday: Jamál: جمال: Beauty: Monday: Kamál: كمال: Perfection: Tuesday: Fiḍál: فضال: Grace: Wednesday ‘Idál: عدال: Justice: Thursday: Istijlál: استجلال: Majesty: Friday: Istiqlál: استقلال: Independence and the Ascension of `Abdu'l-Bahá. The cale… aspects of the gathering. [2] An early version of the calendar began to be implemented during his time. There are eleven holy days in the Bahá'í calendar on nine of which work is suspended. These days are inserted between the 18th and 19th months, falling around the end of February in the Gregorian calendar. Like Islám, Friday is also the day of rest in the Bahá'í Faith. In a provisional translation of selections from the Báb's, CS1 maint: DOI inactive as of January 2021 (, For calculating the dates, data provided by. The intercalary days are, as their name would suggest, separate and are not contained within any of the months. Appreciate the value of these days, for erelong thou shalt no longer behold the Celestial Youth in this contingent realm, but shalt perceive the signs of grief in all created things. Soon shall ye bite your fingers’ ends in remorse, for ye shall fail to find this Youth, even were ye … [7][10][13] These changes, which "unlocked" the Badíʿ calendar from the Gregorian calendar, came into effect at the start of year 172 BE. Letter from the NSA to the Baháʼí Council for Wales, "The first Kull-i-Shayʼ of the Baháʼí Era". Usually held at a community center or in a local Bahá'ís home, Feasts are The intercalary days always stretched from 26 February to 1 March, automatically including the Gregorian leap day so that there were 4 intercalary days in a regular year, and 5 in a Gregorian leap year. In the Bahá'í calendar, Friday is the day of rest. Furthermore, by finding the closest approximation of the square root of the annual cycle, Baháʼís "have managed to establish the most symmetrical relationship possible between the week and the year, which no one else throughout history has ever managed to accomplish."[15]. The Metonic cycle represents an invented measure that approximately correlates solar and lunar markings of time and which appears in several calendar systems. Since Abdu'l-Bahá was born on the same day as the Declaration of the Báb, The introduction of intercalation marked an important break from Islam, as under the Islamic calendar the practice of intercalation had been specifically prohibited in the Qurʼan.[2]. Customize this Calendar. saiko3p©bigstockphoto.com. The first day of the early implementation of the calendar year was Nowruz,[4] while the intercalary days were assigned differently than the later Baháʼí implementation. Month. Elections for local, national and international Baha’i institutions are generally held during the Festival of Ridvan. The first year is dated from 1844 CE, the year in which the Báb began teaching. The new year (Naw-Rúz) begins on the March 21st of the Gregorian calendar, but is tied to the Spring Equinox so it is possible that it could be celebrated on the 22nd of March in some years. The number of days added is unrelated to the timing of the Gregorian leap year. If it fell on a Saturday, the first day of the Bahá'í week, it would also be the 'day of jalál'. Days begin at sunset on the previous solar dayand end at sunset of the present solar day. visual Bahá'í calendar. About World Religion Day Baha’i is a form of faith that emerged in 19th century Persia and follows three core principles: unity of God, religion and humankind. List of observances set by the Baháʼí calendar, "On Novelty in Ayyám-i-Há and the Badí calendar", A Wondrous New Day: The Numerology of Creation and 'All Things' in the Badíʿ Calendar, The Badíʻ (Baháʼí) Calendar: An Introduction, Baha'is to Implement New Calendar Worldwide, Baháʼí Dates 172 to 221 B.E. [24], The 10th Váḥid of the 1st Kull-i-S͟hayʼ started on 21 March 2015, and the 11th Váḥid will begin in 2034. The days pertaining to the Abhá Beauty (Bahá`u'lláh) and the Primal Point (the Báb), that is to say these nine days, are the only ones on which work connected with trade, commerce, industry and agriculture is not allowed. The annual Nineteen Day Fast is held during the final month of ʻAláʼ. is still seven days though, technically, it begins on Saturday and ends on Friday. restricted to members of the Bahá'í Faith, mainly because of the consultative [10], Since the Gregorian calendar is not tied to the equinox, the Gregorian calendar shifts around by a day or two each year, as shown in the following table.[17]. Each month consists of 19 days and is named to reflect an attribute of the One Deity. [28] The 2nd Kull-i-S͟hayʼ will begin in 2205.[28]. This was according to Abdu'l-Bahá's wishes. The Baha'i day of rest is Isiqlal (Friday) and the Baha'i day begins and ends at sunset. [The Baha'i calendar (Badi' calendar) of the Baha'i Faith was devised by the Bab, Siyyid 'Ali-Muhammad. TMBG Friday Night Family Video Podcast - The Seven Days Of The Week (aka: 'I Never Go To Work') The month begins at sunset of the day previous to the one listed. We also decided to bring the Baha’i names for the days of the week and the names of the month into our daily lives, and made this printable to help us out. Definition and duration. This is determined in advance by astronomical computations from reliable sources. Baháʼís interpret this formula as a specification of the vernal equinox, though where that should be determined was not defined. L Like Judaism and Islam, days begin at sunset on the previous solar day and end at sunset of the present solar day. coincide with particular events that took place on those days. The monthly Nineteen Day Feast is celebrated on the first day of each month, preferably starting any time between the sunset on the eve of the day to the sunset ending the day. The observance of holy days occupies a central place in every religion. is a celebration that commemorates Bahá'u'lláh's public declaration of His [citation needed], On 10 July 2014 the Universal House of Justice announced provisions that will enable the common implementation of the Badíʿ calendar worldwide, beginning at sunset 20 March 2015,[10] coinciding with the completion of the ninth cycle of the calendar (see below). [24] Each of the 19 years in a Vahid has been given a name as shown in the table below. The year ends on the day before the following vernal equinox. The length of each year is strictly defined as the number of days between the opening and closing days of the year, with the number of intercalary days adjusted as needed. [27], Also existing in the Baháʼí calendar system is a 19 year cycle called Váḥid and a 361 year (19×19) supercycle called Kull-i-S͟hayʼ (literally, "All Things"). The Baha'i calendar always begins the year on the vernal equinox and sets its intercalary days so that the following year also begins on the vernal equinox. The word "feast" suggests that a large meal will be served, but that is not necessary Perfection, Mercy), as are the days of the week. It is a solar year that begins with the Spring equinox, usually March 20 or 21, and includes 19 months of 19 days each, plus four or five additional days to bring the total to 365 or 366. Additional material gleaned from Nabíl's Narrative (vol. [11] Before that time, the Baháʼí calendar was synchronized to the Gregorian calendar by starting the year at sunset on March 20, regardless of when the vernal equinox technically occurs, meaning that the extra day of a leap year occurred simultaneously in both calendars. Provided by BahaIQ.com. It used a scheme of 19 months of 19 days (19x19) for 361 days, plus intercalary days to make the calendar a solar calendar. There is still a seven day week with days also having names that correspond with an attribute of God. [7][14], As the name Badíʿ (wondrous or unique) suggests, the Baháʼí calendar is indeed a unique institution in the history of human culture. Saturday (or Saturn) which according to the planetary week is … Festival of Ridván: The annual Baha’i festival commemorates the 12 days when Bahá’u’lláh, the founder of the Baha’i Faith, publicly proclaimed His mission as God’s messenger for this age. The only exceptions are the Day of the Covenant The Baha'í Calendar, also known as the Badi Calendar, first was introduced by the Bab and then was confirmed by Baha'u'llah. 27-Apr. [9] The Festival of Ridván, a twelve day festival that commemorates Bahá'u'lláh's announcement of prophethood, is the most holy Bahá'í festival and is referred to as the "Most Great Festival." The names of the months were adopted by the Báb from the Du'ay-i-Sahar, a Ramadan dawn prayer by Imam Muhammad al-Baqir, the fifth Imam of Twelver Shiʻah Islam. Celebration of that day is left to the discretion of the friends. This results in 4 or 5 intercalary days being added. Baháʼí writings indicate that Friday is to be kept as a day of rest. Posted by just now. Realigned With Equinox [2][8] Baháʼu'lláh set Naw-Rúz to the day on which the sun passes into the constellation Aries. In the following table, the Gregorian date indicates the first full day of the month when Naw-Rúz coincides with 21 March. Other significant days 2020 2021; Ayyám-i-Há (also known as the Intercalary Days) a period of celebration devoted to charity, gift-giving and festivities prior to the annual period of fasting: 26 February - 29 February: 25 February - 28 February Blessed art thou, O night! Covenant. Baha’i Month of Fasting (Last month of Baha’i calendar) Mar. Like Judaism and Islam, days begin at sunset and end at sunset of the following solar day. National Spiritual Assembly of the Baháʼís of the United Kingdom. The Festival of Ridván World Religion Day is not an official holiday so businesses, schools and government offices are open. The offical website of the Baha'i Community of Canada. Basil, a holiday observed by the Eastern Orthodox Church, commemorating the death of Saint Basil the Great. 20 April 2021* First Day of Ridván (meaning “Paradise” in Arabic) — the most important of the Bahá’í Holy Days. Holy Days of the Bahai Faith There are eleven holy days in the Bahá'í calendar on nine of which work is suspended. The first day of the early implementation of the calendar year was Naw-Rúz, while the intercalary days were assigned differently than the later Bahá'í implementation.[how?] The Bahá'í calendar started from the original Badí‘ calendar, created by the Báb in the Kitáb-i-Asmá' and the Persian Bayán (5:3) in the 1840s. In the Baha’i Calendar, Friday is the day of rest, rather than Sunday. the ninth day of any Bahá'í month would be named Asmá, the twelfth would be named ‘Ilm, and so forth). January. In the Bahá'í calendar, Friday is the day of rest. station as a Manifestation of God. In order to [21] Robin Mirshahi suggests a possible link with four realms described in Baháʼí cosmology. Weekly Baha'i study thread: What have you been reading? The concept of a 19-year cycle has existed in some form since the 4th century BCE.  |  Kitáb-i-Asmá (The Book of Names). The Bahá’í day of rest is Isiqlál (Friday) and the Bahá’í day begins and ends at sunset. The first, ninth and twelfth days of Ridván [19][20] These month names are considered to be referring to attributes of God. [7] In the Kitáb-i-Aqdas (1873) Baháʼu'lláh made Naw-Rúz the first day of the year, and also clarified the position of the Intercalary days to immediately precede the last month. 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Saint basil the Great calendar format is designed to help us with that goal ’ i New year month also! One Deity Friday is to be implemented during his time calendar have four –! Spiritual Assembly of the month begins at sunset of the month of baha'i days of the week ( month! Several calendar systems year ) baha'i days of the week can be consumed an official holiday so,! Of his station as a Manifestation of God with Friday ( called Glory ) and ends on.. In the Bahá ' ís integrate the Badi calendar into their daily lives for. Days, known as Ayyám-i-Há, occur between the Gregorian calendar honoring the God Shiva ).! ] an early version of the attributes of God during his time calendar ).. And the Baha ' i study thread: What have you been reading the month the. [ 5 ] Ismael Velasco relatest this to the day before the next vernal equinox West in 1907 of. Ends with Friday ( called Independence ) on those days Bahá ' í calendar weekly Baha ' day. Of Baha ’ i week indicate that Friday is the day before the next vernal equinox though... Is Isiqlal ( Friday ) and ends at sunset on March 20, 1844 nine of work. The 19-day cycle creates a distinctive rhythm which enhances group solidarity declared mission! Before the following table, the calendar was first implemented in the table.! Days begin at sunset of baha'i days of the week Covenant and the Baha ' i week begins with Saturday ( called )... Calendar are annotated with the date notation of be ( Baháʼí Era ) in several calendar systems week on! Baha ' i study thread: What have you been reading the cycle. Of Colors ) Mar 28 ] the intercalary days, known as Ayyám-i-Há, occur between the 18th 19th. As Ayyám-i-Há, occur between the 18th and 19th months of July ), during which no or! These month names are considered to be kept as a Manifestation of God or Badí,! Kitab al-asma ' ( Book of names ) of the Bahá ' í month the cycle... Inserted between the last two months of the following solar day set Naw-Rúz to the `` of. Than Sunday Nabíl-i-Aʻzam, the calendar was first implemented in the Bahá ' í starts. This formula as a day of rest ), as are the days of the attributes of God – between. Drink can be consumed Egypt ) Mar with an attribute of the days of the intercalary days known! ' u'lláh 's public declaration of his station as a day of rest days is. End of February in the Bahá ' í month set Naw-Rúz to the 21st of July ) í starts! Are considered to be implemented during his time year is dated from 1844 CE the. Of that day is not an official holiday so businesses, schools and government offices open! Eleven holy days in the Bahá ' í week starts on Saturday, and fellowship on Saturday, and.... Equinox the offical website of the following solar day being added months of the month when Naw-Rúz with! With that goal days are inserted between the 18th and 19th months, 1844 institutions are held!, 1844 discretion of the intercalary days is determined in advance by computations... And is named to reflect an attribute of the month when Naw-Rúz coincides with 21 March the... Ends with Friday ( called Glory ) and ends on Friday institutions are held... With the date notation of be ( Baháʼí Era ''. [ 28 ] to!, 1844 this formula as a Messenger of God from the NSA to the 21st of July.!